Archive for June, 2011
This is just intended to be a brief introduction to Camera RAW for those who might be new to digital photography, even if your not I can recommend some of the links and tutorial videos which I’ve included here I still find them useful to review from time to time, I always find something I’ve forgotten.
Camera RAW, what exactly is it?
Well first of all unlike other file formats such as JPG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) or TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) RAW isn’t in fact an acronym what it does stand for is raw as in unprocessed data and it is the data that is captured from the cameras sensor the actual file extension that your RAW file will have will vary depending on the manufacturer of your camera, Canon use the CRW file extension while Nikon use the NEF file extension, the reason for this is that each manufacturer like to specify settings which show the images shot with their camera in the best light. Here are the most common manufacturer RAW formats. (more…)
I’ve been using Photoshop now for 20 years, version one on a Mac while I was studying at college back in 92-93, and a lot has changed since those early days. But one thing that I quickly learnt, especially when I started working in a commercial setting was that using keyboard shortcuts were essential.
Once you begin employing keyboard shortcuts rather than hunting for tools and features in the myriad of menus your productivity skyrockets. I would guess that using the keyboard will allow me to complete a task in anything from a half to a third of the time that it would if I just used the mouse.
Surrounded by seven mountains Bergen is recognised as the unofficial capital of south-western Norway and the countries second largest city after the capital Oslo. Bergen is the administrative centre of Hordaland county and was one of the nine European cities given the award European Capital of Culture for the millennium.
Traditionally it was thought that Bergen was founded in 1070AD by king Olav Kyrre son of Harald Hardråde who’s death at the battle of Stamford Bridge (North Yorkshire, England) fighting against Harold Godwinson in 1066AD is seen as the end of the Viking Age. Modern research though has revealed that a trading settlement was already established in the 1020’s. In 1277 Bergen replaced Trondheim as Norway’s capital until Oslo took over as capital in 1299.
It was toward the end of the 13th century that Bergen began establishing itself as a major trade centre especially in dried cod when it became one of the Hanseatic Leagues most important bureau cities. The Henseatic merchants lived in their own separate quarter where their own laws were enforced rather than the local Bergen laws. Many of the old buildings from this Hanseatic quarter can still be seen and make up the old quayside called Bryggen and is on the UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites.